AbstractIL-23 is a cytokine member of the IL-12 superfamily. These heterodimeric cytokines offer broad immune regulatory activity with potential effector function in inflammatory arthritis. IL-23 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by dendritic cells and macrophages. It plays a key role in both innate and adaptive immunity. By promoting and maintaining T cell differentiation into Th17 T cells, IL-23 is a key player in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases. Data from pre-clinical IL-23 knockout models show the major importance of IL-23 in development of arthritis. The induction and maintenance of type 17 cells, which secrete IL-17A and other pro-inflammatory cytokines, contributes to local synovial inflammation and skin inflammation in PsA, and perhaps in RA. Commensurate with this, therapeutic strategies targeting IL-23 have proven efficient in PsA in several studies, albeit not yet in RA.