A tool for evaluating novel osteoarthritis therapies using multivariate analyses of human cartilage-synovium explant co-culture

There is a need to incorporate multiple tissues into in vitro OA models to evaluate novel therapeutics. This approach is limited by inherent donor variability. We present an optimized research tool: a human OA cartilage-synovium explant co-culture model (OA-EXM) that employs donor-matched lower and upper limit response controls combined with statistical approaches to address variability. Multiple rapid read-outs allow for evaluation of therapeutics while cataloguing cartilage-synovium interactions.