Mitochondrial Quality Control in Cartilage Damage and Osteoarthritis: New Insights and Potential Therapeutic Targets

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multifactorial arthritic disease of weight-bearing joints concomitant with chronic and intolerable pain, loss of locomotion and impaired quality of life in the elderly population. Although the prevalence of OA increases with age, its specific mechanisms have not been elucidated and effective therapeutic disease-modifying drugs have not been developed. As essential organelles in chondrocytes, mitochondria supply energy and play vital roles in cellular metabolism, proliferation and apoptosis.