Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Health State Utility Values for Osteoarthritis-Related Conditions

Objective

Health state utility values (HSUVs) are a key input in health economic modeling, but HSUVs of people with osteoarthritis (OA)–related conditions have not been systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed. Our objective was to systematically review and meta-analyze the HSUVs for people with OA.

Methods

Searches within health economic/biomedical databases were performed to identify eligible studies reporting OA-related HSUVs. Data on study design, participant characteristics, affected OA joint sites, treatment type, HSUV elicitation method, considered health states, and the reported HSUVs were extracted. HSUVs for people with knee, hip, and mixed OA in pre- and posttreatment populations were meta-analyzed using random effects models.

Results

A total of 151 studies were included in the systematic review, and 88 in meta-analyses. Of 151 studies, 56% were conducted in Europe, 75% were in people with knee and/or hip OA, and 79% were based on the EuroQoL 5-dimension instrument. The pooled mean baseline HSUVs for knee OA core interventions, medication, injection, and primary surgery treatments were 0.64 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.61–0.66), 0.56 (95% CI 0.45?0.68), 0.58 (95% CI 0.50–0.66), and 0.52 (95% CI 0.49–0.55), respectively. These were 0.71 (95% CI 0.59–0.84) for hip OA core interventions and 0.52 (95% CI 0.49–0.56) for hip OA primary surgery. For all knee OA treatments and hip OA primary surgery, pooled HSUVs were significantly higher in the post- than the pretreatment populations.

Conclusion

This study provides a comprehensive summary of OA-related HSUVs and generates an HSUV database for people with different affected OA joint sites undergoing different treatments to guide HSUV choices in future health economic modeling of OA interventions.