Relationship Between Patient?Reported Readiness for Total Knee Arthroplasty and Likelihood of a Good Outcome at One?Year Follow?Up

Objective

To determine the relationship between patients' preoperative readiness for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and surgical outcome at 1 year post-TKA.

Methods

This prospective cohort study recruited patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) who were ?30?years and were referred for TKA at 2 hip/knee surgery centers in Alberta, Canada. Those who underwent primary unilateral TKA completed questionnaires prior to TKA to assess pain using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), physical disability using the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score physical function short form, perceived arthritis coping efficacy, general self-efficacy, depressed mood using the Patient Health Questionnaire 8, body mass index, comorbidities, and TKA readiness (patient acceptable symptom state; willingness to undergo TKA); these same individuals also completed the above questionnaires 1 year post-TKA to assess surgical outcomes. A good TKA outcome was defined as an individual having improved knee symptoms, measured using the Osteoarthritis Research Society International–Outcome Measures in Rheumatology responder criteria, and overall satisfaction with results of the TKA. Poisson regression with robust error estimation was used to estimate the relative risk (RR) of a good outcome for exposures, before and after controlling for covariates.

Results

Of 1,272 TKA recipients assessed at 1 year post-TKA, 1,053 with data for the outcome assessed in the study were included (mean?±?SD age 66.9?±?8.8?years; 58.6% female). Most patients (87.8%) were definitely willing to undergo TKA and had “unacceptable” knee symptoms (79.7%). Among patients who underwent TKA, 78.1% achieved a good outcome. Controlling for pre-TKA OA-related disability, arthritis coping efficacy, comorbid hip symptoms, and depressed mood, definite willingness to undergo TKA and unacceptable knee symptoms were associated with a greater likelihood of a good TKA outcome, with adjusted RRs of 1.18 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.04–1.35) and 1.14 (95% CI 1.02–1.27), respectively.

Conclusion

Among patients who underwent TKA for knee OA, patients' psychological readiness for TKA and willingness to undergo TKA were associated with a greater likelihood of a good outcome. Incorporation of these factors in TKA decision-making may enhance patient outcomes and appropriate the use of TKA.