Qualitative Exploration of Dyadic Influence on Physical Activity Between Latina Patients With Osteoarthritis and a Supporter of Their Physical Activity

Objective

Research indicates that social support may promote physical activity; however, most Latina individuals with osteoarthritis (OA) are not sufficiently active. The purpose of this qualitative dyadic study was to explore how Latina patients with OA and a self-selected physical activity “supporter” motivate each other to be more active. Furthermore, perceptions of how OA symptoms impact support and physical activity were examined.

Methods

Semistructured dyadic interviews were conducted with Latina patients with OA and a member of their social network age??16?years who supports their physical activity (n = 14 dyads). We used framework analysis to reduce qualitative data to themes and subthemes.

Results

Daughters (n = 5), spouses (n = 4), sons (n = 2), a granddaughter (n = 1), a nephew (n = 1), and a friend (n = 1) provided support for the target behavior. In many cases, members of dyads said the motivation to engage in physical activity was reciprocated rather than focused solely on Latina patients with OA. Support was often reciprocated by engaging in physical activity together, using pressure, talking about being active, modeling physical activity, and helping with household responsibilities. Although participants agreed that physical activity was beneficial and Latina patients desired additional support when experiencing OA symptoms, there was concern about the safety of activity in the presence of symptoms. Several adult daughters indicated that their mothers' OA symptoms motivated their own physical activity.

Conclusion

Dyadic strategies for promoting physical activity among Latina patients with OA and how support may be reciprocated were identified.